Fang Shaolin, Zuo of name square call together (the sound that read Lin) . (on January 17, 1914 - on Feburary 20, 2006) , be born at Chinese Jiangsu not to have stannic old and well-known family, great Master of contemporary and crackajack traditional Chinese painting.
One's early years of Zuo of square call together studies abroad London, middleaged and resident Hong Kong. Absurd Yo 8 child, legend lifetime. From art 80 carry, shou Zhuo is become, true interest is natural.
Zuo of square call together young when learn a picture, get traditional Chinese painting everybody Qian Song , dated village is illuminative; After flounder reachs Hong Kong, zhao of a person of academic or artistic distinction austral Bai Shiling is held high less; Middleaged do obeisance to division magnify into fresh gale hall again 1000. Turn beneficial much division,
Often just regard Zhuang Meifeng as the paintress of case, chinese book still is belonged to on picture history infrequent. Thunderbolt of her harships of work pen nip, remarkably original and forceful. Childish clumsy Piao Mao, draw Ge Qingxiong, expose childishness. In successive tradition and shirt-sleeve and contemporary respect, her discrepancy is traditional, bring book suitable for a painting, moral integrity understand thoroughly, mo Xiangliu spreads out. Because take foreign experience, her art also absorbed the west the beauty of contemporary and abstract artistic verve, bold composition of a picture, be like do not be like, not be like be like.
On artistic style, her little picture is not delicate, big picture is not not specific. Swift and fierce stimulates raise, san Zaoli China. Song of hill dance sea, strange rise abruptly to pledge greatly. Look like form, and freedom is fresh, atmosphere plentiful. Square old calligraphy also is wide rich of origin of a rubbing from a stone inscription, warm of female of Ci Aishan bright. For admire and respect of global painter place.
Its are agnate the businessman that Shou Yi is Jiangsu filature factory, the mother is Wang Shuying; Teacher Tao Baifang follows since 13 years old effort study is Chinese and English learn traditional Chinese painting, followed of Qian Song of Great Master of traditional Chinese painting, dated village to learn a landscape painting 1933, of the same age picture of selected Bai Lang meets its work " without stannum couplet of each organization painting and calligraphy is exhibited " . The highly praise with teacher fund loose glad she: "This woman has surely in the future become greatly. "This woman has surely in the future become greatly..
1937, Zuo of square call together goes to England Mancunian university assiduously studies European mordern history. 
Just follow at the same time in company of Hong Kong management passageway Zhao of Great Master of traditional Chinese painting holds painting and calligraphy of be used to high less, held art exhibition to Japan with Zhao Shaoang of Great Master of traditional Chinese painting 1951, publish at Tokyo " Zuo of square call together makes part nearly " .
She did obeisance to magnify of Great Master of traditional Chinese painting 1953 1000 for division.
Entered 1954 read Hong Kong university, learn Great Master Rao Zongyi, Liu Baimin to wait along with the country grind read Chinese philosophy and literature, held greatly in harbor 1955 do individual art exhibition, repaired to British Oxford 1956 read literary doctor's degree.
Was in 1970 magnify of 1000 United States " can reside " squire listen teachs a year, start draw landscape work. 
Her work includes landscape, painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style, character, calligraphy to wait, achievement of traditional Chinese painting suffers all circles affirmation fully. Her work retains the teacher's style, work colour is powerful, with pen bold and unconstrained; "The book is resolute heavy thick, draw a clumsy of muddy of of primitive simplicity, and old work with perseverance, do one's best innovates, 3 years one small change, change 10 years greatly " (Liu Wei is stridden judge) , later work mirrors world bureau to show more besides, be like " boat civilian pursues " , " eulogy of invocatory world peace " , " transfer smoothly long roll " . Work style is in China still belong to on art history infrequent. Thunderbolt of pen nip harships, remarkably original and forceful; Childish clumsy Piao Mao, draw Ge Qingxiong, expose childishness. In successive tradition and shirt-sleeve and contemporary respect, her discrepancy is traditional, bring book suitable for a painting, moral integrity understand thoroughly, mo Xiangliu spreads out. Little picture is not delicate, big picture is not not specific. Swift and fierce stimulates raise, san Zaoli China. Song of hill dance sea, strange rise abruptly to pledge greatly. Because take foreign experience, her art also absorbed the west the beauty of contemporary and abstract artistic verve, bold composition of a picture, innovate actively, initiated Chinese landscape painting history a kind of when go up brand-new and aesthetic appearance. 
Zuo of square call together by degrade as a result of physical strength since 1999 fail to be like as one used to do kind practice 7-8 hour painting and calligraphy everyday, attended central library to hold 2001 " the art of Zuo of square call together of ─ of predestined relationship of painting and calligraphy " when individual painting and calligraphy is exhibited, need to sit wheelchair is answered question by filial generation problem. 
Heart disease hair is admitted to hospital on Feburary 20, 2006 morning, afternoon 5 when be in because of heart exhaustion partly its child Fang Jinsheng protects salary hospital to die of illness for decanal emperor, die at the age of is 92 years old. Set in Hong Kong funeral parlour ever since clever, and at horse race ground Catholic graveyard field and imperial mandate of its husband square heart add up to bury.
The father of Zuo of square call together is businessman, running cotton mill without stannum, family circumstances is rich. 7 years old before, her childhood is carefree, study calligraphy is painterly, and follow tutor study English.
, the war erupts, the father of Zuo of square call together is taking be a refuge of wife and daughter. Although had taken a boat, it is difficult to still did not escape disaster, saw with one's own eyes of little call together Zuo sees father gets shot die.
When return of orphan few mother does not have stannum, the factory in the home, belongings already disappeared danger. Be Ied hope she has a firm and enlightened mother, insist to want she and little sister to go to school. Zuo of square call together reads the contest that do not have stannum early or late medium, Shanghai opens annals daughter bright female secondary school and Shanghai learn moral character of female officer, Qingdao China university. Do obeisance to division at the same time famous traditional Chinese painting everybody is Qian Song , dated village study calligraphy is painterly, still do art exhibition together with the teacher. Assist of Qian Song she " have surely become greatly " .
Study abroad flee from a calamity of London war of resistance against aggression
, Zuo of square call together studies abroad London. Zuo of square call together young when ever learned English with tutor, this is in at that time without stannum very rarely seen, became her to study abroad abroad good preparation. Then she enters England Mancunian university assiduously studies European mordern history. Got acquainted with marital Fang Xingao of future over.
World War II erupts, they return Shanghai from England, shanghai also is fighting. Flounder goes to Hong Kong, before long, hong Kong falls into enemy hands. At this moment she has been the mother of 6 children. In 10 years, procrastinate flee from a calamity of belt female ground, passed Guilin, Guiyang, Chongqing, Tianjin early or late. Although flee from a calamity works hard extremely, but the Zuo of square call together with hopeful natural disposition still gave each child to take the name that has commemorative sense: In the child that Tianjin is delivered of, cry " ferry is unripe " ; Guilin is delivered of, cry " Lin Sheng " ; What quiet period is delivered of is twin, cry " still " and " Ning Sheng " . Later, this calls a still girl, became director of department of government affairs of Hong Kong special zone
Settle down husband of Hong Kong middleaged funeral
Flee from a calamity tens of year, they find a place for in Hong Kong eventually come down. Fang Xingao opened firm of a foreign trade, the life improves, Zuo of square call together also begins to pick up paintbrush again.
Bestrew below quiet life dark emerge. An unskillful and faulty medical or surgical treatment of arise suddenly, claimed marital life.
Zuo of square call together resembles mad the very important person of white unlined long gown that arresting a doctor euqally. But the husband is to answer after all did not come. 8 children cry together round the mother, and right now, the child with the smallest age perhaps does not understand father after all how.
She did not cry, resembled losing crying strength. She did not understand why to experience so much cross, the life just lights a bit hope, by the snuff of destiny callosity.
The different point of Zuo of square call together and average woman depends on, she won't break down. Arrange is over funeral affairs, she does housekeeping money of supply of foreign trade company, raise the child; And pick up paintbrush again really, zhao of a person of academic or artistic distinction austral Bai Shiling is held high less.
When Zuo of square call together is ten years old, of Qian Song of Great Master of unconscious traditional Chinese painting undertakes the rigorous training of traditional method to her, had base of strong classic painting and calligraphy. But unfortunate is, because of flee from a calamity of chaos caused by war, her stop writing or painting 10 years. Zhao of a person of academic or artistic distinction austral Bai Shiling is held high less, it is her 10 years hind 2 degrees take paintbrush.
Had done not have a few years, painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style of the clique austral the mountain of Zuo of square call together is drawn already high degree of professional proficiency, "Trading a fund is Zhao Shaoang " . However Zuo of square call together is faint however however feel,
Suzhou book paintress considers Qing Yao, it is the friend of Zuo of square call together. Gu Qingyao ever was mixed in Shanghai magnify 1000 " life the first bosom friend " Li Qiujun does together in Shanghai " Chinese woman painting and calligraphy is met " , then also with magnify 1000 be on friendly terms. 1953, magnify Hong Kong of reside abroad of 1000 as it happens, gu Qingyao sees Zuo of square call together artistically is about to seek a breakthrough, introduce her to do obeisance to division magnify then 1000.
Before long, Zuo of 1000 debit call together is magnify person of door of fresh gale hall.
Zuo of square call together is when 40 years old, make a breathtaking issue again, read a doctor into Hong Kong university, 42 revenue Oxford studies " Chu Ci " .
The brushwork of Chinese number chiliad history, the paintress that is remembered is not worth 100. Paintress of the Republic of China is partly " play a bank note " property, one part is transmission of because of sexual reason story be treatinged as.
But Zuo of square call together is not such, is the problem that is she pondering over " how does ability picture give those who have new aspect, the Chinese picture that yields the world to approbate? " " how can you be new wind of art group waft? " " how can you be new wind of art group waft??
This is a station on art history angle think, and be not the artistic career that considers oneself only. Such job should not give originally a woman, need numerous artist to be finished jointly however. But, also have her only, have the requirement of support of the people of all sorts of climate favourable geographical position, will step such one pace. Although the pen is abandoned 10 years after marriage, but from young when the calligraphy brushwork that undertakes strictly according to traditional rule trains, let her have deep traditional a copy kept as a record; And she studies abroad when London, itinerary Europe, ever was in the United States again later squire teacher magnify 1001, a large number of top class west culture mix bring into contact with modern art, consequently, the beginning with very self-conscious Zuo of square call together the exploration that is united in wedlock in the Chinese and Western on art. Often write in her diary and problem money " draw newly in London atelier trial-produce " , " London atelier free from worry, trial-produce is drawn newly, more can to one's heart's content " wait.
The process is lengthy and this is thorough, see a few an album of paintings in home by no means, short perhaps a few sightseeing of the day can be achieved. She goes up in the base of art of Chinese and Western with solid oneself, the will traditional writing, abstract essence that draws on the west, and oneself are right the understanding of life, be in harmony entered special naturally in the picture. We can see the sign with western artistic abstraction, and the spirit of landscape of meaning of Chinese traditional capitalization; Have the model of water of Tang Dynasty tall Gu Shan, have the person of mural of Chinese generation coffin chamber more, and herself is natural the aesthetic gout of childish clumsy. A variety of elements are together action, form a kind brand-new, but really truly the artistic style that thoroughly remould oneself draws at Chinese tradition. 
The style of great desire landscape of Zuo of square call together is born, stun picture world. Writing situation is like thunderbolt lightning, incisively and vividly of great desire spirit. Be in harmony collects western abstraction spirit and Chinese tradition to draw charm is sent.
The style of painting and calligraphy that she starts, and the name with affirmatory neither one, be called by later generations constrainedly " the great desire landscape of shirt-sleeve and abstract spirit " , the characteristic is " childish clumsy " , " natural " , " great desire " .
Zuo of square call together does obeisance to division magnify 1000 when, ceng Sui he is itinerary and Euramerican, be in " can reside " squire a year, saw the west such as Picasso, Pollock is modernistic the Great Master's paint. Magnify the 1000 work that see not clear Picasso, but the advantage that knows this old man however is change a few years, have " unripe " characteristic. He is told with Zuo of square call together, artistic and highest state is " clumsy " with " unripe " .
Zuo of square call together sees the temperament of clumsy in the abstract line that waits for a person from Pollock however, she uses this kind of sense in the hill that China draws, her hill has very much " hill dance silver-colored snake " flavour, the line of those merry and lively, do not wear in expression specific hill stone, and wear in apply colours to a drawing a kind of imposing manner. Or baronial, or solemn and quiet, or open, or abrupt. The woods on hill is thick, but not be unfrequented absolutely place, she always wants to give a way in the monarch in hill, make people OK ascend climb, and the temple at that road, it is the heaven in her heart. Perhaps, in those days when her destiny is in to despair all right, also expect to have a such ways.
Zuo of square call together ever returned the mainland for many times, itinerary famous mountains and great rivers. Of motherland the land of country let her magnificently come in spite of oneself with massiness your writing depict. The put oneself in another's position with her very clear hill is revealed " clumsy " , " heavy " , " big " wind model. Not only modelling massiness, line is bold, hill situation grand and heroic, go up in fill in colors on a sketch also for many times apply colours to a drawing, in tonal in make a depth shade and distinctive chapped way. She or mix with ochre vermilion catch vigrous Qiu Shan, or with shallow cyanine the picture gives pure white winter mountain, or with green be mingled with red yellow draw up Chun Shanxia hill, produce a result like bronze ware verdigris, color massiness is complex, be without fawn on however the gas of common.
It is artists of the record that do not have stannum together, the Ni Yunlin of bright generation does not agree to draw a person in the picture. Somebody asks him the reason, he turned over a supercilious look to say: "Install when the world answer somebody? " probably the life of scholar-bureaucrat, let his look do not go up worldly and laic. But Zuo of square call together draws a lot of people in the picture however, these people have tall person, have heaver, have a woman, have baby, young is in farmland, also have old people be expert at boat. Stack vegetables and fruits is certainly on the boat, there is steamed bread certainly in the room. Connect her peach blossom tree, also be in that way block day my day, leave full the flower of bright red, enveloping people, let a person feel extremely good.
The character of Zuo of square call together comes from the picture on Chinese brick, modelling has quite antediluvian, hopeful and lovely. Statue of Chinese generation grave most affect a person, it is their cherubic smile. Knowing is big fellow national power prosperous be caused by, or popular at that time fashion, those modelling can let person split one's sides with laughter, experience " energy " . The character of Zuo of square call together also is such, always let person face bring a smile, or cannot help laughing. Even if is the anchoret that the picture plays a vertical bamboo flute, also letting a person feel is " concealed at city " , and rather than " concealed Yu Shanlin " .
She not only person of picture ancient time, still draw modern, draw them to wearing a swimsuit swim pants swims in raining sea mile, the problem says " do not be afraid of harships " . She with current affairs suitable for a painting, draw person of one large ship to brave the wind and waves, the problem says " transfer smoothly " -- this is to Hong Kong is returned to and be made. She still wrote Hong Kong to return to monument, stand by the government in Huang Diling.
The character is not only in the picture of Zuo of square call together be in harmony of its Le Rong, even the house each contains different expression. Be born out of of modelling of this kind of house the house defending cropland on loess plateau, and the common people of a region of rivers and lakes that do not have stannum occupies place, have a door normally, two windows -- in the line in Zuo of square call together, was become by the design mouth and eye. She draws " home " , see these rooms that contain different expression merely, OK for a long time of split one's sides with laughter.
She still drew a lot of cave dwelling. These pictures come from the travel of the North Shaanxi at her. Cave dwelling lives this kind means, it is extremely natural. The people on loess plateau depends on relief and dig a soil cave, as if return times of the mankind's earliest live in caves. But what differ with cave is, cave dwelling lives rise very comfortable, thick loess forms thermal insulation, wintry warm summer is cool. Make the window of side wall, also assured daylighting.
Zuo of square call together likes such living way. She draws cave dwelling, draw the people in cave dwelling, the picture on the desk that gives them gives a dish dish of steamed bun, writing on the portal " good year " and " Guo Taimin is installed " . She draws brook to the loess plateau that lacks water laky, give somebody a new lease on life gives to ascend the way that involve up, become the one place setting that can exist far from on the world.
This is her dream. Her dream world can have cause of a peach blossom, over people lives and work in peace and contentment, without the war, without flee from a calamity, those who do not have material is indigent, without lost anguish.
Lifetime of Zuo of square call together is assiduous, artistically exerts oneself to do sth. blame very, try in old age political reform, the picture is more clean and weak, the style with great clumsy, raise a kind of new state.
But time is cruelty, even if is energetic, the Zuo of square call together that got up to draw at 4 o'clock also crossed a cycle of sixty years, approach octogenarian Die. The Zuo of square call together of old age, body not good, picture picture more and more mention lightly. But bold writing line still is in, just color is even more pure. Water begins billows not Jing. The person is remained happy, but again not lively, hill is magnificent still, little however the flavour of aggressive.
A day, year even more the Zuo of square call together of 9 a period of ten days drew gently clean and light, clinking landscape, by all the time her student Li Dian sees follow. Click in Li Dian heart, gentleman this is to should go, what she draws is heaven.
2006, Zuo of square call together is broken out because of heart disease die, all the year round is 92 years old.
Perhaps we ought not to weep, because she goes,arrive real paradise ah.
The picturesque scene like the peach blossom source that Zuo of square call together creates got countless extol. Hong Kong government gives her a lot of award, include medal of cupreous Chinese redbud, also imprint on subway ticket on her picture. Global museum did a lot of exhibitions for her, published the picture volume of a few different languages, she still becomes the reputation of different university to teach. The municipal government that do not have stannum established artistic seminar of Zuo of square call together, in open up of the museum that do not have stannum painting and calligraphy of Zuo of square call together displays a house. Her picture is next to Qi Baishi and magnify in auction travel price 1000. Lin Sanzhi of home of painting and calligraphy composes a poem for Zuo of square call together: Watch square old horizon to leave today, strange give a talented person. From today only then in knowledge painting and calligraphy, cannot in the law comes.
Obtained alliance of Hong Kong artist to issue 1992 " 1991 painter year award " ; 
Obtained Hong Kong university to promulgate 1996 give honorary literature doctor's degree;
Obtained Tokyo Fuji art gallery 2000 highest and honorary award;
Obtained government of Hong Kong special zone to promulgate 2003 chapter of star of the Chinese redbud that award copper, just contribute early or late give 3 work to give birth to a bank to constant;
Obtained Tokyo Fuji art gallery to promulgate in Feburary 2000 give highest honor award;
In June 2005 its 42 1953 to the work between 1990 artistic house of Asia of san Francisco of given United States.
Fang Shaolin is holding individual book art exhibition domestic and internationally for many times, calendar year comes work for many times selected domestic and international large painting and calligraphy is exhibited and bear the palm, collect for museum, art gallery. Publish " painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style of Zuo of square call together draws volume " (Tokyo edition) , " collect of work of Zuo of square call together " (the edition that talk honest) , " collect of painting and calligraphy of Zuo of square call together " (Shanghai edition) , " call together Zuo is drawn art " (Hong Kong edition) etc. Calligraphy with model, row, ancient clumsy Chinese hackberrya is thick, of great momentum, have view oneself.
More than 300 work that exhibited in Chinese art gallery 1998 is her the masterpiece of each period. Work of her painting and calligraphy is amounted to austere clumsy, dry wet have send, frustration is strong, have the power of full of power and grandeur, her paint color is distinctive, acute meaning innovates, with " clumsy " and " unripe " charm is sent, the Tong Zhi that returns Piao Guizhen, behave modelling of all sorts of character painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style. ?